Shipping in Logistics: Definition, Types, and Purposes

Transportation and logistics have always been an essential part of trade, including the exporting and importing activities it entails. Both play a vital role in how materials for goods manufacturing are carried from one place to another and how the manufactured goods are distributed.

When it comes to logistics, a good logistics process can go a long way toward making goods manufacturing and distribution more effective and efficient.

It is especially true in today’s sea of digital technologies, which have enabled the likes of e-commerce. One of the pillars of the logistics industry is shipping.

The process denotes the delivery of goods from one place to another by a variety of means of transportation, including ships, planes, trucks, trains, and even people acting as couriers. In other words, shipping is the cornerstone of logistics activities.

See also: How Are Logistics and Freight Forwarding Services Different?

3 Types of Shipping

In general, there are several types of shipping. By modes and means of transportation used, shipping can be broken down into three kinds explained below.

Ocean Shipping

Ocean shipping is shipping by sea using ships to transport the goods.

Air Shipping

Air shipping, as the name suggests, is done by plane.

Ground Shipping

In ground shipping, goods are transported by land. It includes the use of land transportation means, such as trains, trucks, and other commercial vehicles.

See also: Warehouse Definition, Types, and Functions in Logistics Industry

By the time it takes, shipping can be divided into two categories. The first one is express shipping. It delivers good at a faster rate—hence the name. This shipping option is perfect for goods that are essential or urgently needed.

The second type is called dropshipping. In dropshipping, a seller does not keep an inventory of products they list for sale. Instead, they will forward the orders to the supplier or directly to the manufacturer.

The supplier or manufacturer will then send the requested products to the customers. Many businesses on e-commerce platforms opt for this shipping method.

For the record, shipping has not been without its problems for many businesses. Shipping problems have resulted in conflicts between courier services and customers and, as a result, impacted the business process.

See also: This Is What Makes a Good Logistics Warehouse

Choosing a Reputable Logistics Company

If you are looking to streamline your logistics process, you can have a logistics company do the heavy lifting for you, but be sure to choose a trustworthy company with an excellent track record.

One of the logistics companies that can give you that is SERA Logitik (SELOG), a subsidiary of PT Serasi Autoraya (SERA). SELOG is a member of the PT Astra International Tbk group, a company renowned for its long history in the industry.

SERA, which started out as a vehicle rental company, has become the largest, industry-leading transportation provider.

Now, with more than 32 years of experience, the ever-innovating company is providing excellent, effective, and efficient logistics solutions through SELOG.

See also: Find Out About Stevedoring, the Act of Loading and Unloading Goods at the Port

SELOG understands customer needs for end-to-end logistics with a wide range of services, from contract logistics to shipping services and shipping agency, freight forwarding and courier services, and warehouse and yard management.

Driven by the latest digital technology, SELOG services not only streamline your business, they are also effective and efficient.

With its Astra Fleet Management Solution (Astra FMS), the logistics company gives you an IT-backed, all-in-one solution for transportation and vehicle management in Indonesia.

Having its fleet of well-maintained, well-equipped vehicles available at your disposal means there is virtually no downtime for your business. To learn more about SERA and its services, including SELOG, visit its official website at